Ways God has communicated with man
He spoke to men through angels.
He spoke to men through a loud voice.
He spoke to men through nature
He spoke to men through dreams
He spoke to men through visions
He spoke to men through Christophanies “The Angel of the Lord”
Theopneustos – “God breathed”
Now we come to the second step and see how God gets His revelation together
Various theories of inspiration
This says that the Bible writers were inspired in the same way that Shakespeare was inspired. This states that all men have the same form of inspiration but the writers of the books of the Bible simply had inspiration that burned brighter.
This is refuted in 2 Peter 1:20
2Pe 1:20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
This states that God coldly dictated His words to the writers like an office manager would dictate a letter to his secretary. These states that God took control of these men and that they mechanically wrote things down, but look at the Gospels
Luke was a physician and he would have used different words than others.
He was a Gentile and he would have used Gentile words.
Matthew was a Jew and he would have targeted a Jewish listener.
Each writer directed his Gospel to a different audience. God did not hand down each word yet God inspired all of the words
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
2 Peter 3:2
That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:
This states that only the main thoughts of a paragraph or chapter is inspired.
This is refuted by:
For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
2 Samuel 23:1-2
Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.
This states that only certain parts of the Bible are inspired. Yet all scripture is inspired.
2 Timothy 3:16
All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
This states that the Bible can be used as our spiritual and ethical religious aspects but not for history
If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?
This states that all (plenary) the very words (verbal) of the Bible are inspired by God. This view alone would be the correct one. When one says plenary it means that the very words of the original manuscripts were written down the way God wants them to be written in the order that He wanted them
But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.
1 Corinthians 2:13
Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.