The first books of the Bible – Genesis, Exodus, eviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy are uniquely important in Scripture. Known collectively as the Torah (Teachins, instruction), or Law, in Jewish tradition and as the Pentateuch (derived from two Greek words – Penta, “five” and tenchos, “vessel, container”) by Christians, they lay a foundation of belief for two great religions. Scribes compiled the books over time by drawing upon the roal tradition of the early Iraelites as handed down through generations. Another common designation for the books is The Books of Moses. Following Martin Luther, Germans and Scandinavians call them 1st Moses, 2nd Moses, 3rd Moses, 4th Moses, and 5th Moses refering to the fact Moses, as the principle lawgiver is their protagonist. The books embrace an enormous variety of material:
Rituals of worship
Laws and customs
And stirring historical naratives
But all point to one essential theme: The special relationship between the God os Israel and His Chosen people
The Hebrew title comes from the first word of the book (In the beginning)
In the Hebrew text the names derive primarily from the opening words of each scroll. Genesis is called bereshith, “In the Beginning”
The names of the book in our English Bible came from the Latin Vulgate, which followed the Greek Septuagint and is descriptive of the contents:
Genesis or origins, generations derives from the formula that occurs 11 times in the book “These are the generations of”
When we speak of the genesis of something, we speak of it’s origin.
This book is truly a book of beginnings.
A) The beginning of the heavens and the earth
B) The beginning of mankind.
C) The beginning of marriage and family.
D) The beginning of sin and death.
E) The beginning of the nations.
F) The beginning of the people of Israel.
Genesis is foundational to the Bible. Without the doctrinal foundation found in this book it would be incomplete.
Its important theological themes include the doctrine of God, creation, man, sin, and salvation. It teaches the importance of substitutionary atonement and of faith in God’s revelation of Himself to mankind. Genesis also records the first Messianic prophecies of the Bible predicting that the Redeemer would be born.
This book covers more time than any other in God’s Word.
It opens with the words “In the beginning, God created” Gen 1:1, and it ends with “In a coffin in Egypt” Gen 50:26, thus it covers the whole plight of man. From his perfect creation in the image of God to his sinful fall. From his need for a help mate to his need for a Savior.
There is a symmetrical pattern in Genesis that has Abraham at its center. He stands in contrast to Adam because he is the Father of the nation through whom the whole world would be blessed and Adam became the one through whom all the world would be cursed.
There are 5 generations from Adam to Abraham:
1) Genesis 2:4-11:26 – Over 2,000 years
This deals with the human race as a whole
A) The Creation– The creation of all things
B) The fall – The corruption of all things
C) The Flood – The condemnation of all things
D) The Tower of Babel – The confusion of all things
2) Genesis Ch 12-50 – 250 years
This deals with the family of Abraham
The New Testament counterpart to Genesis is the book of Revelation
What is introduced in the book of Genesis is given its conclusion in Revelation.
The creation of heaven and earth.
A new heaven and earth.
The tree of life in the garden.
The tree of life in the new Jerusalem.
The first marriage: Adam and Eve
The last marriage: The last Adam to the Church.
The beginning of Satan’s corruption.
The end of Satan’s corruption.
Death is destroyed.
The loss due to sin.
The redemption of Christ’s payment for sin.
The beginning of sorrow and death.
Christ wipes away all tears. (even His own)
The first murder.
No more death.
The beginning of Babylon.
Babylon is destroyed.
A suggested out line of section 1 of Genesis
1) Primeval history (early beginnings)
1:1-11:26 Over 2,000 years.
A) The creation of all things
B) The story of man
Adam and Eve in the garden
C) The corruption of all things
Adam and Eve and the fall
1) The first murder
2) The godly line of Seth and death
D) The condemnation of all things
1) Noah and the flood
2) The events after the flood
a) Sacrifice and covenant
b) Noah’s drunkenness and his prophecy
E) The confusion of all things
1) The descendants of Noah and the Tower of Babel