Genesis 6:1-4: Sons of God

Gen 6:1  And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them,

Gen 6:2  That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Gen 6:3  And the LORD said, My spirit shall not always strive with man, for that he also is flesh: yet his days shall be an hundred and twenty years.

Gen 6:4  There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.


Who are these “Sons of God”?


Some believe this:

1.      The “Sons of God” are fallen angels and the “Daughters of men” are human women

A) Basic arguments for this view:

1) The Hebrew language seems to favor it.

“beni-elohim” “sons of God” always refers to angels in the Old Testament.


Job 1:6  Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

Job 2:1  Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.

Job 38:7  When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Dan 3:25  He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.

2) Josephus believed it

3) It has been said that “beni-elohim” denotes a direct creation from God as were angels and Adam, but Adam’s natural descendants were not the special creation of God and can only become that through the new birth

4) The Hebrew word “Nephillim” – “giants” in Genesis 6:4 actually should be rendered “fallen ones”

5) There is almost always a basis for commonly held ancient legends, however weird and distorted they might be. In 6:4 we read of men of renown which some believe to be the historical basis for the legends of Hercules and other children of the gods of mythology. This could also correspond to such characters as the Babylonian figure, Gilgamesh – the son of a supposed goddess and a mortal.

6) The early churches worship of angels.

The church, sometime after the 4th century began to worship angels

7) 1 Peter 3 could be pointing to this failed mixture of the line of the Messiah.

1Pe 3:18  For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:

            1Pe 3:19  By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;

Jesus would be then proclaiming to these prisoners that their attempt did not work

8. The book of Enoch, as well as the book, “The Legends of the Jews” seem to indicate this view.

2. The “Sons of God” is the godly line of Seth and the “daughters of men” is the ungodly line of Cain.

A) Basic arguments for this view:

1) This would seem to be the most natural way to interpret the passage.

2) This is supported by a statement from Jesus

Mat 22:30  For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.

3) Because of the law of bio-genesis – Life begets similar life

4) The two don’t seem to be able to be mixed

1Co 15:38  But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

            1Co 15:39  All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh            of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.

            1Co 15:40  There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the   celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

            5) “Mighty men” is the Hebrew word “Gibber” (Genesis6:4) which is used dozens of times    in the Old testament to refer to human man

Jdg 6:12  And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.

6) The previous chapters provide us with the details of the contrast between the two lines of Seth and Cain.

7) Genesis 4:26 sayes that after Seth began his line, that men began to call upon the name of the Lord.

8) Warnings against marriage between believers and non-believers is a common theme in Genesis (24:3-4, 27:46,28:1-3)

9) In Genesis 6:3-5 we learn that it is the wickedness of man which brings about the judgment of the flood. Nothing is said about angels or the sons of God being judged.


3.      The “Sons of God” is the line of Seth possessed and the “Daughters of man” is the line of Cain.

The twist here is that it is believed that one or the other line had been possessed by fallen angels or “demons” in order to mix the pure godly line of Seth by sexual intercourse. Satan in his quest to stop the line of the Messiah has tried murder and now he tries mixture

2Co 6:14  Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?

A) Reasons for this argument:

1) Only good angels can be called “Sons of God”

2) Bodies are called dwelling places

1Co 3:16  Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

1Co 6:19  What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

             1Co 6:20  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit,          which are God’s.

The believer is the dwelling place of the Holy Spirit. Demons do have the ability to possess and effect the body of the unsaved.

 There are two kinds of fallen angels:

A) The unchained – These have access to high places and to the bodies of unsaved men.

Eph 6:12  For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

Luk 8:27  And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs.

Mar 1:23  And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,

B) The chained – These are in prison

2Pe 2:4  For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

Jud 1:5  I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

            Jud 1:6  And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath                  reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

      Jud 1:7  Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

The thought is that those mentioned are chained because of their involvment in Genesis 6.

The fallen angels are referred to as demons because they chose to leave their original place or habitat

Jud 1:6  And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

They broke their relationship with God and they were cast out of heaven and they must dwell somewhere

Mar 5:1  And they came over unto the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes.

Mar 5:2  And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit,

Mar 5:3  Who had his dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not with chains:

Mar 5:4  Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any man tame him.

Mar 5:5  And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones.

Mar 5:6  But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him,

Mar 5:7  And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not.

Mar 5:8  For he said unto him, Come out of the man, thou unclean spirit.

Mar 5:9  And he asked him, What is thy name? And he answered, saying, My name is Legion: for we are many.

Mar 5:10  And he besought him much that he would not send them away out of the country.

Mar 5:11  Now there was there nigh unto the mountains a great herd of swine feeding.

Mar 5:12  And all the devils besought him, saying, Send us into the swine, that we may enter into them.

Mar 5:13  And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. And the unclean spirits went out, and entered into the swine: and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, (they were about two thousand;) and were choked in the sea.

Mar 5:14  And they that fed the swine fled, and told it in the city, and in the country. And they went out to see what it was that was done.

Mar 5:15  And they come to Jesus, and see him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.

Mar 5:16  And they that saw it told them how it befell to him that was possessed with the devil, and also concerning the swine.

Why did they ask to go into the swine? Because they must dwell somewhere. They left their original place and now they need a body or someplace to dwell because they can’t create one.

4.      Recently there has risen the idea that the “Sons of God” are actually aliens.

This is a belief that has only just been more widely assumed because of the rise in paranormal occult interests over the last few years.  These angels are called “Grigori” or “Watchers” but are actually aliens who come down to “help” mankind to evolve through technology.  These watchers are actually what Chapter 1 of Genesis calls “Eliohim” because they created mankind.


Whatever the reason, this was a race that had turned completely to Satan.


About Clint Rodgers

I am a father of 2 wonderful children and the husband of a beautiful woman who has taught me more about compassion for goofballs than I could have ever learned. I have know Jesus for many years but about 5 years ago I truly met Him and now I do my best to follow Him as I walk in this world
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