1 And the Lord spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs:
3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs:
4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.
5 And the Lord spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.
6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.
7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.
8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat the Lord, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the Lord.
9 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only?
10 And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the Lord our God.
11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.
12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the Lord because of the frogs which he had brought against Pharaoh.
13 And the Lord did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.
14 And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank.
15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said.
God loved the people of Egypt, even Pharaoh, just as much as He loved Israel and in His goodness He gives the king another chance to change his tune, even though He knows that ultimately this man will not change.
The first plague was the Nile river being turned into blood, the second plague will be an overabundance of frogs in everything and everywhere. Each plague was a direct assault on an Egyptian deity and while the first was directed at the water god Hapi, the second would be directed towards the goddess Heqt. She was always pictured with a head of a frog and for this reason, frogs were considered sacred and they could not be killed. It was believed that Heqt blew the breath of life into the bodies that her husband fashioned on a potters wheel from the dust of the earth.
Frogs were a pleasant sign for the Egyptians because of their fertility and abundance to reproduce with great rapidity. They thought of them in the way that we think of rabbits.
The Lord tells Moses to have Aaron stretch out his hand over the waters and cause frogs to cover the land. The magicians are able to replicate this feat as well, but they can only multiply the frogs along with Aaron and this doesn’t help much.
This plague, just like the first has no affect on Pharaoh other than the fact that the frogs were a nuisance. When he saw that there was relief from the frogs and he knew that he had some breathing room his heart is hardened again.
One of the interesting things in this series of plagues is that you can see how all of the earth is the Lord’s down to even the flies or lice, which we shall see next. We see a natural progression of things in nature but make no mistake these calamities are brought about by the command of God through Moses and Aaron. First the water is turned into something that resembles blood. This kills the fish and taints the water, which in turn would drive the frogs, who also live in the Nile, onto the land. The stench of the dead frogs will bring about the next plague.
Another interesting aspect of these plagues is their structure.
All of the plagues when seen together form a pattern of 3 sets of 3 and then the final judgment.
In each set we see the Lord sending Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh with a warning for the first two and no warning or word for the third.
The next plague is the third in the first set and will have no warning pronounced beforehand.
Each plaque is a slow progression in intensity and will be used by God for three reasons:
- To show Pharaoh and Egypt that they were relying on demons as false gods.
The babylonian Mystery religion was the basis for almost all of the many different religious systems that existed then and now but in terms of Pharaoh it went even further into the past right up to the fall of man when the serpent tells Eve that she would be like God. Man has suffered the same instance of pride and struggled to be god to himself ever since.
- To show that He is the Most High God and Creator of this universe.
God loved Pharaoh and the people of Egypt just as much as He loved Israel. This series of plagues was used to slowly allow the people to understand just what was happening. Most scholars believe that the plagues were a total of 8 to 10 months in duration from the first to last. This would have been a way for the people to be allowed a chance to contemplate the true difference between their false gods who were beginning to look useless and the God of the universe. This has an effect on at least some of Egypt because many of them leave along with the people of Israel.
- To evangelize the world around them.
Word of the plagues would become something that other people had heard about. Rahab, a prostitute in Jericho, had heard about what God was doing and she became a believer.