Exodus 13:1-16 Consecration of the First Born and the Feast of Unleavened Bread


Exodus 13King James Version (KJV)

13 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.

And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the Lord brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

This day came ye out in the month Abib.

And it shall be when the Lord shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.

Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the Lord.

Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the Lord did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the Lord‘s law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the Lord brought thee out of Egypt.

10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.

11 And it shall be when the Lord shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,

12 That thou shalt set apart unto the Lord all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the Lord‘s.

13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.

14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:

15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the Lord slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.

16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the Lord brought us forth out of Egypt.

One of the first things that the Lord required after the Passover was that the first born would be consecrated to Him.


Because of the fact that the people of Egypt, including Pharaoh, had lost their firstborn sons and animals during this ordeal and He had spared the people of Israel.  Now He would see to the fact that Israel did not forget what had happened on that day and declared that the first born of man and beast were to be set apart for service to the Lord.

This chapter is also where we learn of the second feast administered by the Lord, the first was the Passover.  I like many, believed that the Passover lasted a whole week, but it only lasts 24 hours and begins in the first month on the 14th day.  This is the feast that we see Jesus and His Disciples eating before His betrayal:

Matthew 26

17 Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?

18 And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

19 And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

20 Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.

Now the second feast happens right after the Passover and lasts 7 days.  As you see in the above text, it is called the Feast of unleavened bread.

Leviticus 23:

In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the Lord‘s passover.

And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the Lord: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

Deuteronomy 16:

Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.

Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the Lord thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place his name there.

Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.

And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.

Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the Lord thy God giveth thee:

But at the place which the Lord thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.

And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the Lord thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.

Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.


Back  then I imagine that it was a chore trying to rid the house of leaven.  It would possibly cover everything in the kitchen and the rest of the house in a fine probably invisible mist from just being introduced into the air when being used.

Leaven is a symbol or type for sin because just like sin, once it enters into the picture it mixes into the bread, you can’t get it out.  It becomes a part of the bread in the same way that sin, when introduced into a persons life becomes a part of them.  Sadly, we are born sinful and in our own power, we have no way to get it out of our “houses.”

For Israel, this was a learning tool for the children. This was to be a way to pass the tradition on to their sons as they prepare and carry out such a daunting task.  In verse 9 of Exodus 13, the Lord instructed Moses to tell the people that this would be a “sign unto them upon their hands and a memorial between their eye that the Law of the Lord was in their mouth.”  I suspect that was so that they would be teaching their children.

The word “sign” has garnered much speculation due to this verse as well as Deuteronomy 6:8, and 11:18.  Evidently the Jews concluded that this meant to literally wear the Law on their person.  They wore pouches called tephillin, which means “prayers.”  The Greek term is “phylakterion.”

This consisted of small leather pouches sewn together from the hide of ceremonially clean animals, strapped to the head, just above and between the eyes, as well as the left wrist by leather straps.  These were placed upon males who had reached the age of 13, and inside the pouches were certain passages of the Law.  Jesus, being an observant Jew, would have also worn these pouches.

Matthew 23:

Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,

Saying The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat:

All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

For us today, this is a constant reminder that we can only look to the One who can take the leaven, the sin from our lives and make us clean.

Not just any old bread, because Israel ate this bread every year and still they all died, we need the Bread from Heaven, the manna from God.  Jesus Christ, who gave His life for our sins.

John 6:

51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

We also learn to keep the Word in our hearts and minds.  In other words, we take Christ with us everywhere and insert Him into every situation we come into because we take the Word with us and we live it.  This is important because there will come a day when a new law will be issued upon man; the law of Satan

Revelation 13:

11 Then I saw a second beast, coming out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb, but it spoke like a dragon. 12 It exercised all the authority of the first beast on its behalf, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose fatal wound had been healed. 13 And it performed great signs, even causing fire to come down from heaven to the earth in full view of the people. 14 Because of the signs it was given power to perform on behalf of the first beast, it deceived the inhabitants of the earth. It ordered them to set up an image in honor of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. 15 The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed. 16 It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17 so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name.

18 This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man.[e] That number is 666



About Clint Rodgers

I am a father of 2 wonderful children and the husband of a beautiful woman who has taught me more about compassion for goofballs than I could have ever learned. I have know Jesus for many years but about 5 years ago I truly met Him and now I do my best to follow Him as I walk in this world
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