Exodus 19:1-8 The covenants of God

19 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai.
2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.
3 And Moses went up unto God, and the Lord called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;
4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself.
5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the Lord commanded him.
8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the Lord.
The people of Israel have finally come to the wilderness of Sinai in the third month of their journey and they camped close to what was a very familiar site to Moses, the mount of Sinai

He had met the Lord there and now his people were about to take their first step in becoming a nation, not just any typical one though, but a nation of God. 

Now before this happens, before Yahweh will enter into a relationship with these people, He needed to lay some ground work with them. So the Lord calls Moses to the top of Sinai in order to pass a message on to the people. 

He makes a statement and then two qualifications in order for Him to move:

The statement went like so:

4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself.

The people of Israel knew Who the Lord was and they had seen what He could do.  There was no question about those things. The problem was, and this is why the Lord addresses it here, that the people still didn’t completely trust in Him. 

They were not completely convinced that He was the Only God of the universe. They were slowly changing as they saw how the Lord was working for them but they needed to see and here His evidence and make the connection as well as a choice in just Who they were dealing with. 

5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine

6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

If they made the connection and the choice that God is Who He says and that they fully trusted in Him, then they had to obey the things that He was about to tell them. 

God was about to enter into a covenant with Israel. He was about to make this large group of people into a nation for Himself. 

They didn’t know it but they were about to enter into the covenant of the Law. They were about to find out how to live in a government of Yahweh and they needed to be well aware of what was about to happen. 

God was going to make them a peculiar treasure to the Lord and set them apart from all the nations. 

He was also going to make them a kingdom of priests and a holy nation and they needed to grasp all these things before He would proceed. 

Moses takes this information back to the elders and each one trickles this to the people. The people answer unanimously that they would do all that the Lord had said, and Moses takes this back to the Lord. 

Up until now, Israel had been living under the Abrahamic covenant for around 600 years. 

In this agreement, God had promised that Israel would have a specific area of land and that the world would be blessed through the many, many descendants of Abraham. 

This new covenant would not replace the last one but actually work hand in hand because when they entered into the land promised by the first covenant, they would need to know how to govern as well as interact with the Lord. 

Both with their blessings, laws, and sacrifices also point to another future covenant; the covenant of Jesus Christ, the covenant of grace. 

This covenant also would not abolish the earlier one as many believe. The Law was not nailed to the cross and the church has not replaced Israel. 

Jesus tells us in His own words that He came to fulfill the Law. 

Matthew 5:18

For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

Like 24:44

And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.

Jesus fulfills the Abrahamic covenant in that all the world has been blessed through Him. 

Jesus fulfills the sacrificial system in that He is the perfect and last sacrifice for sin. 

The Law teaches that we could never save ourselves from sin. Only Jesus can. 

Each covenant made points toward  and is fulfilled by and through Jesus and through His grace, through His sacrifice, we become heirs with Israel and we become the same through being joint heirs spiritually through Abraham. 

1Peter 2:9

9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light;

The sign of the covenant with Abraham was circumcision. An outward sign. The sign of the Law was keeping the Sabbath. An inward thing. The sign of grace was the in dwelling of the Holy Spirit. A spiritual thing. It was an inward circumcision of the heart. 

But we must remember that We have not replaced Israel and they must be saved through Jesus Christ but God still has a special place for Israel and He is not done with them.

God is the same now as He was then. He comes to us just as He did Israel. He makes Himself known and offers a relationship. If we say yes then we move forward. If the answer is no then either He will wait till later or that’s it. No moving forward. 

Answer Him today. There is nothing keeping Him from returning. Answer Him like Israel. Say yes

Advertisements

About Clint Rodgers

I am a father of 2 wonderful children and the husband of a beautiful woman who has taught me more about compassion for goofballs than I could have ever learned. I have know Jesus for many years but about 5 years ago I truly met Him and now I do my best to follow Him as I walk in this world
This entry was posted in Christianity 101, Exodus Bible Study, Uncategorized and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s