The Exodus of Moses
Genesis means – “Beginning”
In Genesis God is revealing something to man
He reveals origins: Man, sin, the earth
This book is centered on a family
Exodus means – “Exit” “Departure” The way out
The title of the book of Exodus comes from the Hebrew translation (Septuagint)
It is taken from the first five words of the book “These are the names of”
Exodus is the book of redemption
God is redeeming something in Exodus
He is redeeming Israel
This book is centered in a nation
Exodus can be broken down into 3 basic sections
1) Ch 1:-12:36
Israel is under the bondage of the land
Israel is redeemed by the blood of the lamb
Israel is regulated by the law
A short history lesson
Why was Joseph so honored by pharaoh?
Egyptians normally hated shepherds
Pharaoh – Comes from the Egyptian word pr-o, which means “The great house”
Originally this word was not a designation for a King of Egypt but was a
reference to his palace. The ancient Egyptians believed that pharaoh was the living representation of their god Horus, which was identified with the cult of the sun god and symbolized by the falcon. The plagues against the Egyptians, prior to the exodus, were spiritual warfare between the Living God and the false gods of Egypt
Some scholars believe that the Hyksos reign of pharaohs began before Joseph came to Egypt. Some believe it came after Joseph and his brothers died
Others believe that the new king of Ex 1:8 was one of the Hyksos kings who descended
from foreign invaders (ethnically they were a minority in Egypt) This king would have
seen the Hebrew people as a challenge to the control over Egypt. The new King probably did not reign immediately after the death of the pharaoh
in Joseph’s day
1876 B.C. – The Xlll Dynasty
Jacob and his family settle in Egypt
1730-1570 B.C. – The Hyksos Period
The new king who did not know Joseph, enslaved the Israelites
1539-1447 B.C. – XVlll Dynasty
1526 or 1527 B.C.
Moses is born
There is a turnover in dynasties
1539-1514 or 1512 B.C. – Thutmose 1
1514-1501 B.C. – Thutmose ll
1501-1486 B.C. – Thutmose lll
Although some believe he didn’t actually start reigning until 1482
He was the pharaoh while Moses was being educated in the courts
Here is where some scholars differ:
1504-1482 B.C. – Queen Hatshepsut
She is believed to be the foster mother of Moses
She was the daughter of Thutmose l
Thutmose ll did not reign very long and Thutmose lll was very young
when he came to power
So some scholars believe that Queen Hatshepsut designed a way for her to co reign
with Thutmose lll because of his age
She made sure Moses had the best education and the best of everything
Over time Thutmose lll grew to hate Hatshepsut and in the process,
he also began to hate Moses
God’s gracious care
Thutmose l decided that to control all the Hebrew people they would have
to kill all the male children that were born during that time
Hatshepsut set aside her fathers edict
We must remember that regardless of what our situation looks like or how we feel
God is in control – He loves us – we can be assured of it
Even then, during this time, if you were to ask a Hebrew person the question.
“Does God love you?”
They would know that He did even if it would have not felt like it
Times are hard in Ch 1-2
The Hebrew people didn’t have anything at all, plus the edict of the time
was that all their male children were to be killed at birth. Imagine what they were feeling.
Placed into slavery, living in a foreign place, and now their children are being murdered. How would I feel? Would I be able to have faith?
We must have faith. We must trust in God when these times come, even though I am sure that it felt otherwise, God was watching over them.
I wonder if they had heard from God. Did He speak to them?
Why does God allow things to happen to us?
We often become confused when things happen to us.When problems come into our lives
God is soverign. He has decreed that we have freedom of will
He is also working in ways we don’t know or see while all this is happening.
It must have seemed like He was so far away from His people. It must have felt like He had left them there. How could He be watching over them.
Yet, all the while He is working to prepare the scene for the redemption of His people
God’s gracious care and man’s diversity
He has ordained that all The nations will do His will
He puts together the little things, the things we don’t notice. He puts them together and does wonders with them
There are times when our worlds are neatly regulated and we sometimes become comfortable in our walk.
Then everything falls apart
The problems come
The questions arise
We are affected by the same things that the Israelites were
But there were many male babies who didn’t
What can we say to the ones who lost their babies
We must have faith that whatever happens, regardless of the circumstances
God is always in control and He always has our best in mind
God’s gracious care and the believer’s security
God is silently working for the redemption of Israel
He gives us promises in His word
He is over our adversity and our adversary
He is in total control and He knows what is best for us
Moses’ mother (Jachobed) hid him for 3 months but she soon found it impossible
So she places him in a small basket and puts him in the Nile in the hopes that
someone would find him and save him
She sent his sister Miriam to see what would happened to him
Now in comes the daughter of pharaoh (Hatshepsut)
She is one of the only people in Egypt who could save the baby. She sees the small baby and she has compassion for him. She was not prepared to care for the Hebrew child
so who better to care for it than a Hebrew woman
Miriam volunteers to find her someone to care for the baby so she promptly goes back
to her mother. Not only did God protect the child from death in the river He also provided wages for Moses mother to take care of her own son through the pharaoh’s treasury
The redemption of the people of Israel was set forth
We must remember to respond in faith, regardless of the circumstances
He will take the bad and make it good
Here was a basket that saved a baby
Here was a bath that saved a leader
Here was a baby that saved a nation
Moses was born in the midst of a troubled time. Now he was going back to his mother to be nursed until his time came to be presented to the courts of his foster mother
Hatshepsut named him Moses
Moses – Probably related to the Egyptian word meaning “born”
“Because I drew him out of the water”
In Hebrew “He Who draws out”
Doing a right thing in a wrong way
Moses is 40 years old
Thutmose lll is on the throne
The years of Moses experience in the pharaoh’s court are not detailed. Yet Stephen reports a long held and surely accurate tradition that Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was mighty in words and deed. The training he received would have been the best at that time. He would have learned 3 languages:
Egyptian, Akkadian, and Hebrew
Moses has now come to a place where he must make a decision in his life
What brought him to this particular point?
The point that produced a crisis experience in his life
The training of his parents
Miriam had followed the baby and she volunteered to take him to someone who would nurse the baby for Hatshepsut. So she took him back to their mother. He must have been trained in the ways of the Hebrew people in those first few years
His mother would have taught him about God, about their heritage, and his people
Now Jachobed has come to a place where she must release her son again. She had already released him to God when he was 3 months and now she has come to the point where she is releasing him to the Lord again
The tension of his profession
Moses foster mother had arranged for him to have the best education you could dream of having at the time because she co reigned with the young Thutmose lll
As Thutmose lll grew, his hatred grew for Hutshepsut
He probably had as much or more hatred for Moses. Moses was caught in the middle
Everything he knew was in Egypt
Everything also came from his Egyptian mother
He knew that one day she would be out of the picture and that Thutmose would try to erase her from existence. He knew Thutmose would come after him
The treatment of his people
He saw how his people were being treated
He would probably only remember his training in the royal court of Egypt. But in his heart at the same time he came to realize that he was truly a Hebrew
This tension finally came to a climax when he killed the Egyptian
His spiritual decision
God is at work in the life of Moses
He had lived a life of wealth and privilege but he chose to identify with his people. The decisions we make are not ones that begin in one minute. These things happen over time by the gentle nudging of God. Now the time had come where Moses realizes he is a Hebrew. He also realized that something had to be done for things to get better
There are 2 focal points in the spiritual decision he is called upon to make:
He wanted to honor his God
He lived in the midst of a pagan culture. He was searching, struggling with the same things we experience. He had made a decision that God was going to be first in his life
God would no longer be in competition with his mother or his education
Have we reached this point?
He wanted to help his people
By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the king. He had already decided to leave before (Exodus 2:11) where he fled from pharaoh. It had been a growing conviction in the heart of Moses that he was going to put God first. The only reason he was alive was because of the protection of God and he knew it
He had already left Egypt in his heart. Now he had come to a place where he had left all that he knew and he was now going against all he had been taught
People would judge. No one would understand. He did not fear what was going to happen to him because he wanted to honor his God
Many times we think we can do no wrong when we speak these words.
Moses thought the same way. He thought that God would direct every step all the time
That God would be in every moment and he would not have to choose
What went wrong with Moses?
Moses thought that God would deliver the Israelites by his hand. We all want to have the right motives. So often we try to do the right things but in the end we go about it the wrong way
There are 4 problem areas Moses had in making the wrong decisions
Was he arrogant?
Moses could have had a Messiah complex when he went down to Goshen
He knew that God would deliver his people by his hand but actually God would deliver them by His hand
Do we have arrogance in our lives?
It has to be my way or no way at all with no care for the feelings of others
Do we think this way?
Was he anxious?
Our problems come, most of the time when we make rash impulsive decisions and we don’t think about the consequences
Was he afraid?
He looked around
Was his cause not just?
If we have to do something in the dark, in secret and we can’t do it in the light, then something is wrong
Was he angry?
He killed the man and hid him in the sand
He was overcome with anger
Moses had somewhat of a temper